Ever since the mankind developed interest in art forms, there has always been much substance in practice to cast the various form of art. Stone is amongst the first substance used by prehistoric man to create tools. Though items made of stone gave way to items forged from metal. Stone continued to be one of the preferred substances for making sculptures. The stone carving tradition in India is one of the richest in the world. Guilds of masons and stone carvers have existed here since 7th century B.C. The skills were handed down as family lore from father to son. A practice is prevalent in some parts of the country even in modern times. India has ripe tradition of stone work, as is evident from temples in Khajuraho, Konark, Martand, Gopuram, and Elora etc.
All these temples have splendidly carved sculptures and relief work on them. Large temple complexes of Rameshwaream, Dilwara, Tirupati and Dwaraka, not only are marvels in stone, but they truly reflect a high degree of sophistication achieved by finest craftsmanship through engravings in stone.